Title: Managing Histories of Human Rights Abuses : Democratic Transitions and the Manifestation of Transitional Justice in Post-Dictatorship Spain and Chile / Aliza Sitrin
Autores: Sitrin, Aliza
University of Michigan
Palabras clave: España Historia 1939-1975
  E.T.A.
Terrorismo España
Issue Date to EMD: 26-Mar-2021
Description: Tesis de University of Michigan. Se menciona el atentado cometido por ETA contra Carrero Blanco y la situación política de Euskadi.
During the 20th century, Spain and Chile witnessed the rise of brutal dictatorships. Under the direction of dictators Francisco Franco and Augusto Pinochet, the Spanish and Chilean regimes engaged in human rights abuses to achieve their political, social, and economic goals. When the dictatorships ended, both countries transitioned into democracy. This thesis analyzes how the democratic transitions affected the extent of transitional justice achieved in post-dictatorship Spanish and Chilean society. This study argues that Chile attained a greater degree of transitional justice compared to Spain. Chile achieved increased transitional justice in post-dictatorship society because of its strong democratic legacy, the democratic and human rights friendly context of the region and time, the transition of governmental power to the left, and the establishment of a truth commission. In Spain and Chile, transitional justice was restricted by the need for negotiations between political ideologies, fear of instability, and amnesty laws. Transitional justice was increasingly limited in Spain because of the continuation of conservative governmental control, policies that suppressed transitional justice (the Pacto de olvido and 1977 Amnesty Law), and greater fear from democratic uncertainty, military violence, and terrorism. This research gives historical context to the complicated natures of Spain’s and Chile’s democratic transitions and attempts at transitional justice. Examining the past enhances understanding of how Spain and Chile currently manage their histories of human rights abuses.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10357/59541
Origin repository: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/162631
Appears in Collections:Tesis, TFG, trabajos académicos, etc. de otros repositorios de universidades no vascas

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